About Journal

• magazine seeks to publish research humanitarian and educational sober which has not been published previously in various fields of knowledge. • The first issue of the magazine in the year 2001. • The journal is published one volume every year, featuring four numbers folder, issued quarterly, every three months. • The versions of the magazine twelve volumes, scientific research involving hundreds Court, in various areas of knowledge in the humanities and education. • research published in both Arabic and English. • rely magazine principle of self-financing and publication...
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The Portrayal of Iraqi Refugees in BBC Online News Reports (2012): A Critical Discourse Analysis

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2018, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 1-28

ABSTRACT
The continuous unstable political، social and economic conditions have urged a number of Iraqi people to flee their homes to neighboring countries and Europe seeking refuge for safety and well-being. This situation has placed Iraqis in the focus of Western media news reports and how they are portrayed. Thus، media discourse plays a salient role in the representation of Iraqi refugees in the different political predicaments that Iraq has passed through. This paper aims at identifying the strategies and categories that are used to represent Iraqi refugees in selected media news report along with the ideological viewpoints in terms of the dichotomy in-group and out-group. To achieve these aims، the researchers analyse one news report taken from British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in 2012 from the perspective of critical discourse analysis. Accordingly، the researchers adopt van Leeuwen’s (2008) sociological categories of actor representation and van Dijk (1998) ideological square. The researchers select some categories from van Leeuwen’s (2008) approach such as genericisation/specification، assimilation، individualisation، aggregation، dissociation، activation/passivation، nomination. Moreover، ideology also analysed in terms of in-group and out-group. The study concludes that generic references represent most of the social actors in active roles in describing the main events related to the representation of the social actors. Ideologically، the Dutch government، Hague court، Dutch policemen and the Iraqi government are negatively represented and this shows the neutrality of BBC news reports in the representation of Iraqi refugees. Key Words: BBC Online News reports، Critical discourse analysis، Refugees، Representation، Ideology

Translation as English language teaching methodology- To teach or not to teach!

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2018, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 38-46

Abstract
It is widely assumed that the main objective of second language teaching is to concentrate the particular features of the second language in order to get the learners’ attention on the theoretical aspect of the language, and to get them as proficient as possible in comparison to a native speaker. In other word, teachers should avoid any reference to the learners’ first language as it might cause distraction and disruption to the learning process. However, translation can be understood as general interpretative activity that is always involved in the process of comprehension of the pragmatic meaning not only within one language but also across languages. It is an alternative way to language learning through engaging students in the pragmatic process and in making meaning regardless of the learning form. Consequently, the aim and objectives of learning a second language would be measured not only on how learners are close to native speaker competency but also through the learners’ capability for using linguistic resources to pragmatic effect.
Key words: First language (L1), Second Language (L2), acquisition, translation

CRISIS OF HYBRID IDENTITY IN DEREK WALCOTT'S "THE SCHOONER FLIGHT"

Qasim Salman Sirhan; Hawraa Fadil Raheef

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2014, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-36

This paper deals with "The Crisis of Hybrid Identity in Derek Walcott's " The Schooner Flight"". Identity can be defined as the perception of one's self which permits individuals to identify where and with whom they fit socially, thus it encourages questions like "Who Am I? What am I? Who are you? What are you?". In the twentieth century the issue of national and regional identity takes on great importance in Caribbean poetry . Derek Walcott, among many others have attempted to define the particularity of individual nations or of the Caribbean region as a whole, creating a meta-narrative of identity and a peculiar "Caribbean discourse". The paper focuses on the longest and most representative poem of Derek Walcott's poetry " The Schooner Flight". This poem which is concerned with the search for identity is about a West Indian sailor called Shabine. He is a man of the folk who serves as Walcott's mask since he is of mixed European and African blood, like Walcott himself. He can also be taken as representative of the West Indian people as a whole rather than just of his alter ego Walcott for he embodies a variety of r racial and ethnic admixture. By introducing his celebrated statement of identity "I have Dutch, nigger, and English in me,/ and either I'm nobody or I'm a nation" (CP,346), Shabine stakes a claim not only for himself as individual, but also for the West Indian people; that they are certainly a nation, and a people in the true sense of the word.

Discourse Analysis and English Language Teaching :A Functional Perspective

Muhannad Abbas Mit

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2010, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 39-50

This paper aims at manifesting the role of Discourse Analysis in English Language Teaching from a Functional Perspective. Most of the research to date has been concerned with discourse analysis as an alternative method for understanding language cognition process. In this paper the concern will be on how functional properties of sentential elements (interrogatives will be taken as an example) act as prompts to hearers in different contexts, to facilitate the integration of on-line information. In addition, discourse analysis is a methodological tool, which easily lends itself to the investigation of the functional properties of talk, developmental process as well as discrimination by identifying social attitudes and ideologies responsible for observed linguistic patterns. Most teachers have a tendency to teach language in isolation with its use. As a result, the context is lacking and when it is time to practice the things they have learned in real life situations the students fail to use the language and find it difficult to recognize the function of the utterance guided by the speaker.

Evaluation Physics Textbooks of the Secondary Grade According to Total Quallity Standards

Muhsen Taher Muslem

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2013, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 124-159

This research aims to evaluate the physics books for the secondary stage according to the total quality standards. To achieve the aim of the research, the researcher built a tool including comprehensive total quality standards, consisting of initial (6) key criteria of wich (105) sub-standard emerged, to verify their truthfulness they have been displayed on experts and specialists, in the physical sciences and the competence of teaching methods of physics and teaching methods of biology and psychology, and some administrators and teachers in high school who made a number of observations , deleted and added and reworked some of the criteria and, thus The tool (6) key criteria are (Quality standards objectives, content quality standards, quality standards activities, fees and quality standards confusion, questions quality standards, quality standards for art direction for the book) This gives rise to (110) sub-standards . Researcher began analyzing Physics books for the secondary stage For the academic year (2012 - 2013) , straightened according to the list of criteria prepared by the researcher to verify the extent included physics books, And using Holisty equation, the researcher calculates reliability coefficient analysis in two ways, First between the researcher and the same over time reaching (0.88) and the second way between researcher and analyst last coefficient stability (0.82) . After evaluating the books in the light of the list of criteria for this purpose researcher reached the following results : -
1 - Most physics books for the secondary stage achieved a comprehensive total quality standards as compared with the critcal ratio (0.70) .
2 – Physics’book for sixth stage (secondary stage) is the most scientific investigation to comprehensive total quality standards and by (0.90).
3 - Physics’book for the first stsage (secondary stage) did not achieve overall total quality standards the achieved ratio (0.64) is unacceptable educationally as compared with critcal ratio (0.70).
4- Quality standard objectiving was the lowest one in achive into the physics’books of the secondary stage if compared with other quality standards.
5 - Quality standards for art was the higest one as compared with other quality standards.
In light of these results came out a number of researcher recommendations and a number of suggestions .

The Effect Of Guided Fantasy And Random Excitement Strategies In Creative Thinking Development And Emotional Intelligence For First Intermediate Class Male Pupils In Physics

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2012, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 116-147

The goal of the current research is to identify the effect of guided and random excitement strategies in creative thinking development and emotional intelligence for first intermediate class male pupils in physics, researchers selected the ( Nahda) intermediate male school, of the Directorate-General for education of Diwaniyah, for the first and second semesters of the academic year (-).A.D.
The sample consisted of() pupils in three classes randomly selected from five classes to represent both experimental groups and the control group, and reality () pupils in the experimental groups and () pupils for the control group, the researcher had been prepared research equipment’s (identify the scientific subjects, formulating behavioral objectives, teaching plans for the three groups), three groups have been eqnated in the following variables (Age in months, previous information, creative thinking, emotional intelligence).
First experimental group hase been tought using guided imagery strategy and the second experimental group have been tought using the strategy of random excitation while the control group hase been tought the usual way.
The researchers applied three tools, Torrance creative thinking test, both formal and acoustic, emotional intelligence scale was prepared by himself too consisting of () a paragraph and its saykomtric properties were extracted.
After teaching all physics subjects the researchers applied the three tools in the end of his experiment.
Researchers used statistical pouch (SPPS) and variance analysis, and statistical methods, as Scheffe equation to data processing, the results were as follows:

.Superiority of both experimental group pupils among the pupils of the control group in creative thinking test.
. Superiority of both experimental group pupils among the pupils of the control group in emotional intelligence scale.
In the light of the results of a research the researchers put a number of recommendations including, encouraged physics teachers to use guide fantasy and random excitement strategies in teaching physics by engaging them in their training courses to help pupils developed their creative thinking, definition physics teachers during the induction and training to guided fantasy and random excitement strategies and how to set up teaching plans in their light .
To complement to this research, the researchers suggested to conducting a study to investigate the obstacles to implementation or guided fantasy and random excitement strategies in teaching physics in intermediate school and secondary school, and later studies similar to this research in other classes and other subjects and other dependent variables

The Psychological Bases of Lawrence'sSons and Lovers: Some Educational Implications

Wiaam Abdul-Wahab Taha Al-Bayati; Ph. D

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2008, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 114-127

Lawrence is said to be a writer who, while writing, goes deeper into the human mind and soul. For those who charge him of obscenity and those who think that he calls for the practice of sex as such, a word of caution is necessary. Lawrence’s concept of love and sex is based on the rationalisation of both and directing them towards supreme and legal purposes of pre-creation. He, in fact, identifies the deeper psychological needs of human beings to combine the mental and bodily, spiritual, and physical properties for the sake of achieving a real humanitarian sense of love and sex. Though most of the books on Lawrence have tackled this issue, this study has approached it from both a psychological and educational perspective.

The Deviated Use of Punctuation Marks in Poetry: A Stylistic Study

Lec. Saleema Abdul-Zahra

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2013, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 3-19

Language is a powerful tool in the hands of a poet. Punctuation marks (symbols or signs used to make the writer’s meaning clear) are the tool one can use to talk to the reader and draw his/her attention to specific points. Punctuation marks are important syntactically and semantically; since each one has its own uses and meanings. Their oddness and unconventional use by some poets such as Cummings, Blake, and Pound helps them to color their poems with special aspects and serves them to convey various meanings. Naturally, stylistics is the science through which the use of language in literature can be dealt with.

The development in the concept of the East in European Thought as Exemplified by European Explorers'Writings

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2011, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 35-59

Over successive historical eras, the East
witnessed the influx of great numbers of
European travelers who tried their best to
unravel its talismans and secrets. The East
always represented mystery and magic for
the Europeans. Despite the numerous studies
that tackles the European travelers, they
neglected important and basic sides of these
travels, especially the development of the
concept of the East in the European thought.
In addition, these studies lacked a
comprehensive view because of the difficulty
to access all the travels and the intermingling of the studies over the successive periods;
hence, there arose the importance of the
present study.
The study, which draws heavily on
original sources, falls into an introduction
and three sections which deal with these
travels respectively. The sections begin
tackling the pioneers who started the
exploration of the East – the mysterious
world – through the interest in the universe
and its philosophy. Then, they move to the
development of the European thought, viz.
the Middle Ages , or the age of faith, during
which the East became an enemy and a
competitor after the spread of the Arab
Islamic civilization; thence, appeared the
East/West ideology that is related to the
self/other binarism. The third phase dealt
with in the sections of the study is that which
tackles the East as an arena of the political,
economic, and religious competition.
European travelers of various backgrounds,
nationalities , and objectives started roaming
the East; politics intermingled with religion
and exploration. Each phase is characterized
by specific features represented partially by
the travellors.

Sociolinguistic Features and English Language Usesinsome Non-native and Developing Countries

Yassin Mohamed Ali Ibrahim

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2010, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 3-16

In this paper three important tasks have been looked at: presenting the relationship between language and society from the sociolinguistic perspective in non-native and developing countries; the impact of culture and other social factors on the communication of people in those countries; and the nature of English language communication across cultures as being difficult or easy. Drawing on examples from some references in sociolinguistics and public discourse in those countries, many sociolinguistic features have been highlighted which will be invaluable for researchers wishing to understand the many different factors that underlie the shaping of the nature of sociolinguistic features and English language uses in those non-native and developing countries. The following paragraphs address the above three tasks so evidently and finally highlight the conclusions of this paper.

Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Sarhan Jafat Salman

ISSN: 2519-6162

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