Linguistic and Extralinguistic Study of Evidentiality In English With Reference to Fitzgerald'sThe Great Gatsby
Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense,
2008, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 86-98
AbstractEvidentiality is a system within a language which tells the hearer how the speaker came about the knowledge that she is trying to communicate. Evidentiality can be defined as the linguistic expression of a speaker's source of information. In English, a speaker making a factual statement uses some means of expressing the source of evidence on which a proposition is based.This paper deals with evidentiality , the coding of the source of information and the commitment on the part of the speaker to his/her statement. Moreover the use of evideniality has a pragmatic implication. Crosslinguistically , the essential distinction expressed is between direct (i.e. perceptual ) and indirect evidence (inference , reports). English expresses evidential distinctions by various linguistic and extralinguistic markers; by means of modal auxiliaries, evidentials adverbials, miscellaneous phrases and etc.
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