The political life in Al- Diwaniya city Until the turn of the Twentieth century.
Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense,
2011, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 62-90
AbstractVarious natural and demographic
factors took part in determining the location
of Al- Diwaniya city which did not appear in
its present from until the eight eanth country
. With the retreat of Al-Ramahia , its
inhabitants migratend to Al- Hasaka which
made Mustafa Basha ( 1671-1674) change
the centre of Al-liwa , from the former to the
latter However , due to nothing remained
but its name which became associated with
Al- Diwaniya municipality which stared to
crystallize gradually until 1820 .
The earliest reference Al- Diwaniya
city was made by Edward Eves in his
journey of 1754 them came the Danish
tourist Neibour who visited Al- Diwaniya ib
1766 and said about it .
Sleiman Al- kihaiya finally brought his
troupes to Al-Simawa and though ordered
by Baghdad's Basha to with draw ,
continued his ardent until he reached Al-
Diwaniya which was then ruled by Ali-
A,ha.It was also mentioned by the tourist
Ibraham Parsens in his journey to Al-
Basriya (1774) samned Evers(1779) ,and
the Italian sestina (1782).
Al-Diwaniya played a distinguished role in
the local tribal disputes during the 18th
century especially the one between ALAgra'
and Al-Khizail .Each of then trihes
built a castle on the opposins of the
Euprates whith later on become a centre of
residence and gatherings . The most
prominent tribal leader in that era washeik
of Al- khizail Hemont and his son Hamad
From (1877-1892) Al-Diwaniya was
governed by twelve successive mayors
hustability ; The last of them was Ali-Ridha
.The centre of the muncibal administration
was changed between Al-Diwaniya and Al
hilla during the perial (1893-1869) .In 1893 ,
The centre was finally setlled for Al-Diwaniya until the and of ottoman rein Al-
Daghara 1893 to 1912 , eighteen
successive mayors ruled Al-Diwaniya,the
last of them washa During the final word
war , the Ottoman authority appointed Ezat
Bash mayor for Al-Diwaniya.
The fall of Baghdad at the hard of
the British troops in 11march 1917 made
Al-Diwaniya field of fighting and disputes .
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