The Open Text in Modern Western Criticism
Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense,
2012, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 63-89
AbstractThis paper is entitled “ The Open Text in Modern Arabic Criticism ,, It is concerned with a noteworthy phenomenon in Arabic creative writings in modern age , i.e, the open text. It is , in this case , concerned with highlighting the changes the Arabic creative writings have undergone from the traditional poetry to the open text. The concept , under study , emanater from philosophical enlightenment that dates back to the Western and Arabic backgrounds; this effected eventually the Arabic conception that resulted consequently in the open text. The researcher worked hard to understand reverberations of this new topic. Hence , he has tried hard to fathom its parallel developing areas , Arabic modernism.
The paper falls into two parts. The first is concerned with the open text. It studies the antecedent changes before the open text. It is subdivided into three chapters. The first chapter tackles the beginnings of modernism and change. It , also touches upon the dialectic of stability and change in Arabic literature and the early encounter with the new western thought and the beginnings of the interrelationship amongst literary genres in addition to the development of the concept of poetry. This chapter surveyed the critical practices from the nineteenth century to the end of the first half of the twentieth century. The second chapter is about the verse time ; it is about the rhythm of free verse in modern Arabic poetry which began with the end of the forties of the twentieth century.
Chapter three, which is concerned with the poetic sentence, focuses on the Arabic prose poem and the changes in Arabic poetics. It is subdivided into four sections discussing the changes that led to the open text.
The second part deals with the open text in modern Arabic criticism. It falls into four chapters which are entitled " The Open Text in Modern Western Criticism" " The Milieu of the Open Text " " The Concept of the Open Text " and " The Reception of the Open Text by the Arabs " respectively.
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