Volume 14, Issue 1, Spring 2014, Page 1-393

The Speech Act of Silence: A Theoretical Reading

a Kadhim Jibreen; Maysa

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2014, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 37-80

The importance of 'silence' in language is taken from its importance in the universe. This is due to the fact that the universe is built on the relationship between movement and stillness and language is built on the relation between silence and speech.
In language, silence is not merely the absence of speech but it is a main element as speech in the linguistic communication.
The present research aims at:
1.Examining the theoretical views adopted by linguists, philosophers and researchers concerning:
a. Definitions, types and related forms of the speech act of 'silence'.
b. Phonological, phonetic, semantic, syntactic and pragmatic structures of 'silence'.
2.Arriving at different and to some extent new theoretical views from those presented for discussion especially those concerned with pragmatic structures of 'silence'.


Qasim Salman Sirhan; Hawraa Fadil Raheef

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2014, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-36

This paper deals with "The Crisis of Hybrid Identity in Derek Walcott's " The Schooner Flight"". Identity can be defined as the perception of one's self which permits individuals to identify where and with whom they fit socially, thus it encourages questions like "Who Am I? What am I? Who are you? What are you?". In the twentieth century the issue of national and regional identity takes on great importance in Caribbean poetry . Derek Walcott, among many others have attempted to define the particularity of individual nations or of the Caribbean region as a whole, creating a meta-narrative of identity and a peculiar "Caribbean discourse". The paper focuses on the longest and most representative poem of Derek Walcott's poetry " The Schooner Flight". This poem which is concerned with the search for identity is about a West Indian sailor called Shabine. He is a man of the folk who serves as Walcott's mask since he is of mixed European and African blood, like Walcott himself. He can also be taken as representative of the West Indian people as a whole rather than just of his alter ego Walcott for he embodies a variety of r racial and ethnic admixture. By introducing his celebrated statement of identity "I have Dutch, nigger, and English in me,/ and either I'm nobody or I'm a nation" (CP,346), Shabine stakes a claim not only for himself as individual, but also for the West Indian people; that they are certainly a nation, and a people in the true sense of the word.