Volume 16, Issue 1, Winter 2016, Page 1-414

Ibn Habib Al-Baghdadi ( 245 A.H./ 895 A.D.) : A Study of his Method and Resources in his Book " AL- Munammaq " as a Model

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2016, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 75-118

Arab Islamic states had seen a boom throughout Abbasid period, particularly in sciences and knowledges, thus enriching Islamic library with many references. In spite of this prosperity, such an epoch was affected by some crises, resulted in the loss of many these references, especially the precious scientific and literary books due to the invasion of the Mongols and Crusading wars in Syria, Iraq and other Islamic states.
Some of these lost books were written by Ibn Habib Al- Baghdadi, the literarian, novelist and historian who lived during the 3rd century A.H. It is worth mentioning that Ibn Habib wrote more than (50) books in different sciences; but the titles of only (47) books were found in other historical books and references. However, the most up-to- date investigation mentioned only (45) of these books.
In order to uncover Al-Baghdadi method and style, his book " Al-munammaq " was adopted for study and analysis since the majority of this book dealt with pre - and post - Islamic events, in addition to the favor of Quraish for Arabs at that time. Historically speaking, Al- Baghdadi filled significant gaps through his writings. We, therefore, concentrate on his sources of information he adopted in writing his books.

The Impact of Peer Observa/tion of Teaching Programme on Iraqi EFL Teachers' Performance

Lec. Saadiyah Wdaah Hasan

Journal of Al-qadisiya in arts and educational sciense, 2016, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 374-414

The present study aims at identifying the impact of peer observation strategies on improving Iraqi EFL teachers' performance. To achieve this aim, the researcher has used the Non-randomized Control Group Pre-test Post-test Design with pre and post administration of an observation checklist. The sample of the study consists of (60) male and female Iraqi EFL teachers at General Directorate of Education at AL-Qadissiya Governorate. According to the above mentioned design, the sample has been randomly distributed into two groups: the experimental and the control group, each with 30 teachers. The researcher has used a pre-observation checklist to observe the Iraqi EFL teachers' performance of both groups. Then the researcher taught the peer observation strategies to the experimental group teachers who applied the peer observation strategies under the supervision of the researcher in order to improve their performance. The control group, on the other hand, received no instruction and has been submitted to the traditional mode of supervision. The experiment lasted for five weeks. After that the researcher used a post observation checklist to check the improvement in the EFL teachers' performance at both groups.
The results revealed that there were statistically significant differences between the post administrations of the observation checklist to both groups in favor of the experimental one in respect to their teaching performance. Based on those results, the researcher concluded that peer observation strategies should be employed in order to improve the Iraqi EFL teachers' Performance .